The Earth’s climate is affected by many natural factors, such as the angle of the planet’s axis with respect to the sun, geological activity, oceans and greenhouse effect, in which the greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, etc…) withhold incoming sunlight, thus creating a dynamic equilibrium that enables the creation and preservation of life.
Since the industrial revolution, the levels of carbon dioxide have increased by at least 30% due to the burning of fossil fuels and changes in land use (deforestation and urbanization).
This anthropogenic climate change process has exacerbated the greenhouse effect, increasing the average global temperature by 0,6ο C during the 20th century.
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A growing number of organizations and networks are engaging with public and private companies to integrate sustainable development principles into their long term business strategies, and move ahead with the international movements for sustainability both at local and global level.
In the current debate around how to meet the challenges of corporate sustainability within the 21° century, there are several essential factors to consider that are usually categorized as economical, social, political, environmental, technological and global influences.
These influences deal with the key issue of transforming manufacturing and retail practices into more sustainable procedures and operations; and, such findings strengthen the conviction that economic prosperity should always ensure good health and a safe environment.
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