What Factors and Mega Trends are Shaping the Production-Consumption Systems in Europe?

Factors and Mega Trends Shaping European Production and Consumption System

 

According to the European Environmental Agency (EEA) – in measuring progress towards green economy, resource efficiency and ecosystem resilience – the overall process of social and economic transition could be divided into social, technological, economic, environmental and political global mega trends.

Between 2013 and 2014, the EEA has addressed several aspects of the green economy, and developed an integrated perspective that embraces some global dimensions and focuses on environmental impacts of production and consumption systems.

These various dimensions have far-reaching implications for individual nations and citizens; in particular, there are several factors and global mega trends within the European production and consumption systems that create serious environmental consequences, as follows:

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Forward-Thinking Companies Capitalize on the Risks and Opportunities of Climate Change

On 22/10/2014, in Climate Change, Environmental Risk, Sustainability Strategies, by Dr. Paola Fiore

Risks and Opportunities of Climate Change

 

The Earth’s climate is affected by many natural factors, such as the angle of the planet’s axis with respect to the sun, geological activity, oceans and greenhouse effect, in which the greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, etc…) withhold incoming sunlight, thus creating a dynamic equilibrium that enables the creation and preservation of life.

Since the industrial revolution, the levels of carbon dioxide have increased by at least 30% due to the burning of fossil fuels and changes in land use (deforestation and urbanization).

This anthropogenic climate change process has exacerbated the greenhouse effect, increasing the average global temperature by 0,6ο C during the 20th century.

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Want to Inspire and Encourage Innovation? You Need to Invest in New Green Jobs and Skills

Investing in New Green Jobs and Skills

 

Green jobs” are defined as “jobs that reduce the environmental impact of enterprises and economic sectors, ultimately to levels that are sustainable” (UNEP/ILO/IOE/ITUC, 2008). The broadness of this definition means that – potentially – almost every job can become greener.

Indeed, boundaries between “green” and “non-greenjobs are already becoming blurred.

For instance, in some countries “energy auditor” is viewed as a new, green job; in others, it is seen as a shift of competences for an existing profession: auditor. This blurring will intensify as more economic spheres improve their resource efficiency.

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#Meglio30: Risparmia energia anche a casa!

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Paola Fiore, Fondatrice di ETICAMBIENTE® e Ambasciatrice del Progetto #Meglio30 in Italia.

 

La temperatura media di lavaggio in Europa è di 41°. In Italia si riesce a fare meglio con 40°. Se tutti i cittadini europei diminuissero la temperatura media del bucato di , si risparmierebbero oltre 2.300 GWh l’anno, equivalenti al consumo di energia elettrica di più di 300.000 persone.

Il risparmio energetico nazionale, derivante da una riduzione di soli della temperatura media di lavaggio, equivale infatti alle emissioni prodotte da oltre 124.000 automobili. Il tutto, a vantaggio di consumatori e ambiente, grazie a un piccolo cambiamento nelle abitudini di lavaggio dei cittadini.

A 30° in lavatrice si ottengono risultati eccellenti con il bucato. In tale modo, si possono ridurre le emissioni di CO2, si abbassa la bolletta dell’energia elettrica e si tutela l’ambiente; al tempo stesso, si assicura più lunga vita ai capi di abbigliamento, perché i tessuti non si danneggiano.

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Could a New Green VAT System Encourage Sustainable Consumption and Production?

On 02/04/2014, in Environmental Economics, Environmental Finance, Sustainable Production, by Dr. Paola Fiore

Green VAT System and Sustainable Consumption and Production

 

A recent study has proposed a new economic tool designed to encourage a more sustainable production and consumption.

To ensure that the environmental impact of products is reflected in their cost, the authors of the research recommend a System of Green Value Added Tax (VAT) based on the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA).

The importance of decoupling environmental degradation from economic growth is highlighted by the EU’s Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe and Sustainable Consumption and Production and Sustainable Industrial Policy Action Plan.

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